Wheat Atlas Blog

Wheat news

Wheat news from around the world - 2014, Week 21

Wheat trade
HRW (Gulf)* stabilized for first two days of the week ( US$ 334/t) but then continue its steady decline and closed on Friday May 23 at US$ 327/t.
France Grade 1 (Rouen)** was almost constant at US$ 275/t.

The longest run of declines since September 1998 and drop to a 10-week low on speculation that beneficial crop weather in the Northern Hemisphere will bolster global supplies.
Read more: trade (1), trade (2), trade (3), trade (4), trade (5)

Global wheat trade in 2014-15 is projected to fall to 151.6 mt, down 6.8 mt from the record wheat trade this season. Higher wheat output in a number of importing countries and reduced feed demand in response to costlier wheat relative to corn prices are expected to result in reduced imports of the grain, limiting global wheat trade.
Read more: trade (7)
Wheat harvest:
  • is almost finished in Indo-Gangetic plains - India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh (finished).
  • is almost finished also in north-west Mexico (Sonora).
  • going on in North Africa and Near East where spring wheat is grown during the winter.
  • winter wheat harvest is starting in Iran.
  • starting in some provinces of China (Jiangsu, Guizhou, Sichuan).
Wheat crop is  in full growth in temperate zone of northern hemisphere - US, Europe, Russia and China.
Wheat planting is almost done in central Mexico, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Wheat planting is starting in Southern America - Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay.
Egypt, the world biggest wheat importer, has bought around 3 million tonnes of local wheat from farmers since the harvest began last month.The government wants to buy more of the local crop to cut its food imports bill. gypt aims to buy about half of its domestic wheat harvest this year at 4.4 million tonnes and is unlikely ever to get much more from farmers, who need to reserve the rest for seed and to feed their families. Egypt, is striving to boost self-sufficiency and reduce its 32 billion Egyptian pound ($4.6 billion) food import bill.
The United Arab Emirates and Egypt have awarded contracts to build two wheat silos in northern Egypt as part of an assistance package financed by the UAE.
Read more: Egypt (1), Egypt (2), Egypt (3)
India: Punjab, Haryana along with Madhya Pradesh are major contributors of wheat to the central pool.
Procurement of wheat by the Food Corporation of India and State agencies has crossed last year’s 25 million tonnes (mt), with Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh registering an rise in purchases over the corresponding period a year ago.
This is despite a delayed and sluggish start to the commencement of harvest season this year on prolonged winter and unseasonal rains. The Government has set a procurement target of 31 mt for the current season.
Read more: India (1), India (2), India (3), India (4)

Punjab continues to be the wheat bowl of India. Punjab crossed the wheat procurement target of 115 lakh tonnes on May 18 despite tough weather conditions and untimely rain. Government agencies and private millers procured more than 115.63 lakh tonnes of wheat. Sangrur district is leading in procurement with 10.16 lakh tonnes, followed by Ludhiana and Bathinda district.
Read more: India-Punjab(1), India-Punjab(2)

The other states from where wheat has been procured this season in substantial quantity include Madhya Pradesh (67.17 lakh MT), followed by Haryana that surpased procurement level of last year by 11%. Haryana is eyeing wheat procurement of 65 lakh tonnes for the current season. Unseasonal rain and hailstorm had taken a toll on the wheat crop, forcing the government of Madhya Pradehs to compromise on quality while buying grain from farmers. The government began procuring grain up to 40 per cent less shine, before revising the criterion to 20 per cent.
Read more: India-Haryana(1), India_Haryana(2), India-Haryana(3), India-MadyaPradesh(1), India-MadyaPradesh(2)

Pakistan: Country is likely to miss the wheat production target of 25.33 million tons for 2013-14 because of recent widespread rains coupled with hailstorms particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The recent rains have not only delayed wheat harvesting, but also inflicted damage to the standing crops, which would affect quality of wheat as well as lead to problems of rust and fungus. Khyber Pakhtun-khwa is likely to exhaust its strategic stock if the provincial Food Department officials were not allowed to procure the required quota of wheat in the current harvesting season from Punjab.
Read more: Pakistan(1), Pakistan(2), Pakistan(3)

Turkey acknowledged the setback to its harvest prospects from poor weather, but proved less gloomy than US observers in estimating the decrease in wheat production at 10.4%. The country's official statistics office, in its first estimates for crop production this year, forecast overall cereals production falling by 10.1%, to 33.7m tonnes.
Read more: Turkey(1)
North America
Canada: Victims of southern Ontario’s unusually harsh winter are continuing to emerge from the ground – or not.
Across Ontario, 20 per cent of wheat crops planted in the fall have been reported as damaged.
Read more: Canada(1)

USA/Kansas: Despite some spotty and too late rains, the National Agricultural Statistics Service reported Monday that 59% of the winter wheat is in poor to very poor condition. About 29% is listed as fair, with just 11% rated as good and 1% excellent  htat is the lowest rating in 18 years. Normally Kansas farmers abandon about 10% of their wheat crops each year, this year they’re expected to give up on about 25%.
Read more: USA-Kansas(1), USA-Kansas(2), USA-Kansas(3)

USA/Oklahoma: In an ironic twist, the start of harvesting Oklahoma's drought-damaged wheat crop what could be one of the worst crops in decades (estimating 41% drop from last year) has been delayed by rain.
Read more: USA-Oklahoma(1), USA-Oklahoma(2)

USA/Texas: TAM AgriLife Research and the TAM Wheat Improvement Program have announced the pending release of two new wheat varieties (TAM 114 and TAM 204), each with unique qualities, according to Dr. Jackie Rudd, AgriLife Research wheat breeder at Amarillo.
Read more: USA-Texas(1)

Mexico: Wheat farmers in Sonora harvested so far 1,19 mt of wheat with average yield reaching 6.25 t/ha. In  San Luis Rio Colorado is the expecting average yield slightly higher - up to 6.5 t/ha.
Read more: Mexico(1), Mexico(2), Mexico(3)
South America
Argentina: With the widespread prediction that this year will increase the wheat acreage will grow, the producers 'Entre Rios' started planting wheat 2014/15. The first batches, reported the Grain Exchange "Entre Rios" through its information system, were planted with long cycles in Paraná and Victoria departments.
Read more: Argentina(1)
New Stanford University research reveals that farmers in Europe will see crop yields affected as global temperatures rise, but that adaptation can help slow the decline for some crops.
Read more: Europe(1)

U.K. wheat exports probably will be the smallest since 1979 this season after soggy weather hurt production, while improving prospects for the next harvest mean shipments may rebound next year, the Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board said.
Read more: UK(1)

Ukraine is believed to have enormous potential for the development of its agriculture because of its arable land. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the sector has undergone through a severe transformation, it has also experienced a change in the structure of ownership.
Currently, the country is the world's third biggest producer of maize and sixth for wheat, according to the International Grains Council. Some analysts say whether the country is able to soon provide a significant increase in agricultural production remains to be seen.
Read more: Ukraine(1)

Wheat news from around the world - 2014, Week 18

Wheat export price
HRW (Gulf)* increased slightly from US$ 342/t (4/25/2014) to over US$ 350/t (5/02/2014).
France Grade 1 (Rouen)** remained more or less stable during the week around US$ 293 /t.
Main reasons for continuously high prices are concerns over a disruption to supplies from Russia and Ukraine and dry and hot weather in southern Plains (US).
Iran: In meeting with CIMMYT DG Dr. Lumpkin, Iranian Agriculture Minister Mahmoud Hojjati stressed the importance of the self-sufficiency in the wheat production for the country. The goal of current initiative is using high yielding, pest and drought resistant varieties to increase the yield by 1.5 t/ha in about 2.5 million hectares of farmland in western Iran.
Read more – Iran

Pakistan: Despite the problems with current procurement scheme, the government of Pakistan has so far procured about 514,017 tons of wheat through its wheat procurement campaign for the year 2014-15 across the crop sowing areas in the country. During the current crop season, government is planning to procure about 8 million tons of wheat to fulfill the domestic requirements as well as keep the strategic food reserves.
Read more – Pakistan (1), Pakistan (2)

Nepal: Wheat farming is apparently no more profitable in Nepals Parsa district. Many farmers regret the fact that they stuck to wheat farming while many other farmers were smart enough to switch to other profession. Even those who are using modern technology for farming made no profit, but at least they are able to cover the investment amount. Data show that farmers switching to other crops are a growing trend in Parsa district. According to the figures provided by the District Agricultural Office, wheat farming this year shrunk by 1,000 hectares compared to the last year. Its impact is visible on wheat production, which declined by 3,297 metric ton than the earlier year. One of the main reasons seems to be low procurement price of wheat.
Read more - Nepal
Egypt: The Ministry of Supplies and Domestic Trade started buying local wheat in mid-April and expects to keep on receiving wheat from local farmers until mid-July. The government expects to buy 4.25 million tons (compared to 3.4 million tons last year) of local wheat by July this year, almost half of the projected harvest's 9.6 million tons. Total wheat consumption in Egypt is around 17 million tons (USDA).
Read more: Egypt
UK: According to Adas crop consultancy, disease remains the mist widespread threat to the UK winter wheat crop, although black grass pressures are high in some areas with heavier soils, while dryness is also emerging as a threat in the east too. The Adas crop consultancy, in a monthly briefing on UK grains, restated a caution of "high" levels of some diseases, notably Septoria, a fungus which has been known to cause crop losses of 50%.
Read more: Great Britain

Do you know who the farmer with highest recorded wheat yield is? It is Mike Solari from New Zealand who harvested 15.636 t/ha in 2010. Mike has a brother back in UK – Richard Solari, who is also wheat farmer and is hoping to beat his brother’s world record wheat yield this harvest on his light land in Shropshire with a helping hand from irrigation.
Read more: Great Britain/New Zealand
North America

Canada: Wheat stockpiles in Canada, the world’s second-largest exporter, rose 46.9 percent from a year earlier, a government report showed.
Read more: Canada

US: Wheat closed higher as the Kansas Wheat Tour got underway and saw crops with less yield potential than last year. Support also came from forecasts for little, if any; beneficial rain will be seen in the Great Plains through the weekend and next week when the temperature is also expected to raise up. It remains very dry in western section of the Great Plains from Kansas to the south, and these areas comprise the bulk of the HRW crop.
Read more: USA-Kansas (1), USA-Kansas(2)

US: Winter wheat is planted in the autumn and harvested the following summer or autumn. Agricultural experts say it’s still too early to be certain, but there are signs that the annual “winter kill” of the region’s wheat crop may have been greater than normal. Up in northwest Ohio, the early planted wheat seems to be in pretty good shape,” said Clay Sneller, an associate professor of horticulture and crop science and a wheat specialist at Ohio State University’s Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center in Wooster. “But the later-planted wheat, the wheat planted toward mid-October, seems to be the one suffering the most,” Mr. Sneller added.
Read more: USA-Ohio

US: Oregon State University soft white winter wheat Kaseberg, previously thought to have had a resistance gene to stripe rust, has been found to not have the gene. OSU Cereal Grains Specialist Mike Flowers says that's good and bad news. Researchers were concerned about the possibility a new strain of stripe rust capable of overcoming a key resistance gene which is not the case
Read more: USA-Oregon

US: Amarillo – Texas A&M AgriLife Research is developing genetic diagnostic markers to identify wheat streak mosaic virus resistance, providing wheat breeders a new tool in breeding wheat varieties resistant to one of the region’s most prevalent diseases.
Read more: USA-Texas
South America

Argentina:  Argentinian president Cristina Kirchner announced on March 28 the release of 500 thousand tons of wheat for export and the payment of wheat escrow for over 10 thousand producers in total of 206 million pesos. The last decade was not good for wheat in terms of area, considering that was losing ground at the expense of other crops. During the 2001/02 marketing year, the wheat area planted reached 7.1 million hectares, to fall to 3.2 million in the 2012/13, the lowest in at least 40 years. It is foreseen to grow by about 17% in 2014/15, which is however still far below the level area sown in early 200.
Read more: Argentina (1), Argentina (2)

*(US Wheat, Hard Red Winter, Fob US Gulf ports)
**(EU - France Grade 1 Rouen)